· Test tools
These tools support the teacher in administering tests. Exams are often defined as the systematic gathering of information about a person’s knowledge, skills, understanding and / or attitude, skill level and assessment.
Upon examination, a distinction is made between formative and summative assessment:
- Formative tests are an integral part of the learning process and have no direct impact on the final rating. They are intended to alert the student about the knowledge and skills that need to be reviewed, and to introduce the learning path that can guide them further. With formative tests, the score does not count for the final score (or there is even no score). Feedback therefore plays an essential role.Examples of formative tests include entrance tests, diagnostic tests, knowledge tests, self-tests.
- Summative tests are used to give students a (final) assessment. Such tests affect a decision about e.g. certification, selection, learning trajectory or classification. The result of a summative assessment can be translated for example into a pass / fail decision, an assessment of the level (insufficient / sufficient) or a score.
Thus the purpose of this type of test is to measure an overall end result.
Examples of summative tests are: exams, job final tests, assignments, quizzes, tests.