Temporal contiguity principle

Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are displayed simultaneously instead of consecutively.

Synchronize spoken words with the corresponding graphical elements so that they are played simultaneously.


  • Two left on the screen; one for audio and one for video. In this way, the student experiences a heavier load on the working memory and there is less room for deep learning.
  • A component provides an oral presentation followed by an animation or video. Again the working memory of the student will be charged more than necessary. It’s better to play both at the same time, so the student can more easily understand connections between them.